Plaintiffs reply to motion to uphold lower court’s verdict
Plaintiffs have standing.
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a), complaints need only provide a
“short and plain statement” regarding jurisdiction and claims. To survive a motion
to dismiss, a complaint needs only to contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as
true, to “‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556
U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citation omitted).